Beard dandruff. It’s itchy, looks bad, and can highlight your dark coloured shirt for the wrong reasons.
Causes Of Beard Dandruff
The two major causes of beard dandruff are dry skin and fungal infections. Dry skin can happen at the base of your beard when washing your face with some cleansers or soap. They might keep your face and beard cleansed, but they also strip the oils on your skin or beard hair that help keep them moisturised. Dry skin can also be the result of cold weather.
Fungal infections occur when the yeast living on your skin does not get the sunlight that would normally kill it. Sunlight also helps to slow its growth. The beard blocks sunlight from your skin. The longer your beard hair, the better it is for the malassezia fungus. You could shave the beard off completely to rid yourself of the fungus, but you would lose the awesome beard you have been growing for so long.
Wash And Exfoliate Your Beard
To begin, you should wash and exfoliate the skin under your beard regularly. Use natural soaps and facial cleansers which are not as harsh and less drying on your skin. Alternatively, you could use a premium facial cleanser which moisturises and cleans your face at the same time. That bar of soap you’ve been using so far is not doing you any good!
Next, get yourself some facial scrub to exfoliate your skin. You don’t have to blow the budget on a good product. Use your fingers to massage the scrub through your beard and remove any dead or dry skin. You will be removing any yeast or fungi, before it flakes. While you wash, use warm water instead of hot water, as it helps keep your skin from drying out. When you’re done scrubbing and rinsing, gently towel dry your beard and face avoiding pulling on the hair.
Use Oils, Balms, and Other Beard-Specific Products
The natural oils your skin produces help your skin getting too dry and defend against bacteria. When you wash these natural oils away trying to remove dead skin or use anti-dandruff chemicals, you need to replace them.
Studies show that oils like tea tree oil do a great job of fighting off the fungus that causes flaky skin. Other oils proven to be safe to use on your skin include coconut oil, jojoba oil, safflower oil, evening primrose, perilla, and hemp oil.
When applying oil to your beard, make sure your beard and skin under your beard is dry. Then apply a small amount of oil to your hands and massage it into your beards roots. If your beard is longer, use a beard brush to help spread out the oil and groom your beard hair. Repeat daily or as you feel necessary.
There are other products specifically made for washing, moisturising, and grooming beards. There’s beard wash, which is shampoo that is specifically designed to clean and hydrate beards and the skin underneath. There’s also beard balms that you massage into your beards after washing. These balms usually contain a combination of oils, in addition to other natural ingredients that make it smell nice and clean.
If There’s No Change, See Your Doctor
If you’ve tried all these things and still have visible beard dandruff, it’s time to seek help from a professional. You may have an abnormal skin condition causing the dandruff, and you may need a prescription medicine to eradicate the problem.